Thursday, January 20, 2022

Banqueting sweets for a Prince of Wales c1610

A very interesting online recipe manuscript with a terrific 4 page list of "Severall sorts of sweet meates fitting for a bankquett" was described in a talk by Dr. Sara Pennell. The recipes include Marchpanes, Rock Candies, Comfeits, Dryed Suckette, Marmallets, Dryed pasts, Past de Jaun, Preserves, Jellies/ Gellyes, Waferes, Bakemeates, Conseits, Serrops...

In her TALK "Prince Henry’s Sweet Tooth" Dr. Pennell presents background information on the manuscript, the banqueting house at Charlton House, its builder Sir Adam Newton (Prince Henry’s tutor) and a detailed description of each recipe group on the pages relating to banquets. The recipe catagories from the RECIPE MANUSCRIPT are in italics. Images without a date are from the first painting, by Georg Flegel, 1620. Click to enlarge images.
Marchpanes - 3 marzipan centerpieces
Rock Candies - figge, allmons, marigolde … 1625
Comfeits - Allmond (16d), synamon, ginger (20d) ambergris, muscadines (4s) - prices from manuscript [£1 -> £312 now]
Dryed Suckette - Sucket; Oringes yealowe, Greene figge, green peaches 1627
Marmallets - Marmalade, Membrillo; quinces (white or red), pippins.
Dryed pasts - Pastes; quinces, apricot, pippins, violets 1619
Past de Jaune (Pate de Fruits, Fruit pastes) - apples, plombs, potatoes, gourd

Preserves - damsons, barberries, lemons. 1627
Jellies of sevall collours, Gellyes
Types of sugars, oyles

French Mackeroones, Naples biskett... - Cakes, biskets (cookies)
Partee goold - to gild cakes; biskets c1619
Waferes - Wafers 1630s
Bakemeates 1627
Conseits - Conceits, subtleties (Marchpane shaped to look like a food, these are the only fruit on high pedistal; or may be real)
Serrops - Syrups
All theis necessaries you may buye at the Syne of the George att the Stocke in London

THE NAMES OF ALL thinges necessary for a banquet. 1596
Suger. Pepper. Saffron. Anniseedes. Cinamon. Nutmegs. Saunders. Coliander. Licoras. All kinde of Cumfets. Orenges. Pomegranet. Torneseli. Prunes. Currans. Barberies conserued. Peper white and browne seedes. Lemmons. Rosewater. Raisins. Rie flowre. Ginger. Cloues and Mace. Damaske. water. Dates. Cherries conserued. Sweete Orenges. Wafers. For your Marchpanes seasoned and vnseasoned, Spinndges.
The Good Housewife's Jewell, 1596 HERE

The Ordering of Banquets 1615
I will now proceed to the ordering or setting forth of a banquet; wherein you shall observe that the marchpanes have the first place, the middle place, and the last place; your preserved fruits shall be dished up first, your pastes next, your wet suckets after them, then your dried suckets, then your marmalades and goodinyakes, then your comfits of all kinds; next, your pears, apples, wardens baked, raw or roasted, and your oranges and lemons slices; and lastly your wafer cakes.
Markham, Gervaise. The English Huswife, 1615
"Prince Henry’s Sweet Tooth" taped talk about a fabulous manuscript is HERE (1hr 25min).

The online recipe manuscript "Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales (1594-1612) manuscript volume of recipes and medical remedies c1610", number LMC2435 is at Lilly Library. U of Indiana.
Four page list of banquet foods p462-67, with most of the over 400 pages dealing with recipes for banquet. HERE

To make Rughe Redd Marmaladd of Quinces that shall look as Redd as a Ruby – otherwise called Lamp Marmaladd p86 HERE

To make Quiddemocke of Quinces a Rubie Colour to print with moulds p114
Details from other paintings to compare with Flegel's c1620 painting

Roasted nuts, c1620
Roasted nuts in bowl 1610 (perhaps to keep warm?)
Marmallets and boxes 1620
Dried fruits, nuts and cheese 1610
Dried fruits & almonds 1612
Pomegranet - Pomegranate 1612
Fruit in use, knife and holder 1623
Cantelope to eat. Paper cones in upcoming post
Butter c1615
Banqueting trenchers. Detailed article describing reading the message on each plate HERE
Rectangular wooden trenchers (under plate)
Trenchers in box. Ashmolean Mus UOx c1600
Rectangular trenchers, late 15th
Banquetting fruit and conceited dishes 1615
There are a world of other bak'd Meats and Pyes, but for as much as whosoever can do these, may do all therest, because herein is contained all the art of Seasonings, I will trouble you with no further repetitions, but proceed to the manner of making Banqueting stuff, and coinceited dishes, with other pretty and curious secrets, necessary for the understanding of our English House-wife: for albeit, they are not of general use, yet in their due times, they are so needful for adornation, that whosoever is ignorant therein, is lame, and but the half part of a House-wife.

How to make Cinamon sticks
To make most artificial Cinamon sticks, take an ounce of Cinamon and pound it, and half a pound of Sugar: then take some gum Dragon, and put it in steep in Rose-water: then take thereof to the quantity of a Hazel-nut, and work it out and print it, and roul it in form of a Cinamon-stick.
Markham, Gervase. The English Huswife. London: 1615

A way to make Sugerplate both of colour and taste of any flower 1609
Take violets, and beat them in a mortar with a little hard sugar; then put into it a sufficient quantitie of Rose-water; then lay your gum in steep in the water, and so work it into paste: and so will your paste be both of the colour of the violet, and of the smell of the violet. In like sort you may worke with Marigold, Cowslips, Primroses, Buglosse, or any other flower.
Plat, Hugh. Delightes for Ladies. London: 1609

A few days ago, the Flegel painting was posted on the ALHFAM historic foodways Facebook page and I used it instead of the horizontal banquet table painting. Thus many of the images were switched, so there may be some difference in the Sources. There are still some period images to be found, such as Fruit pastes (Pate de Fruits), Jellies, and Marchpane centerpieces.

Flegel, Georg. Still life with parrot. c1620. German. Alte Pinakothek, Munich
Baugin, Lubin. Le Dessert de Gaufrettes. 1630s (Wafers). French. Louvre
Beert, Osias the elder. Dishes with Oysters… c1620 Flemish. NGA/DC (nuts)
Binoit, Peter. Still life with letter pastry. c1615 (cookies) German. Groninger Museum
Chronique d'Angleterre v3 (metal trenchers) 15th
Claesz Pieter. Still life. 1627 Dutch. Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam
Es, Jacob. Still Life with Oysters, Fruit and Pastry. 1619 Flemish. Museum of Fine Arts, Ghent
Flegel, Georg. Still life (hard sugared fruit) c1625. The Met, NYC
Massialot, François. Le Cuisinier roïal et bourgeois. 1691. (table) French cookbook
Peeters, Clara. Still life w gilt gobblet c1612 Flemish (fruits) private
van Schooten, Floris. Still Life with Ham. c1615 (butter) Dutch. Kroller-Muller Museum
Slow Food: Dutch and Flemish Meal Still Lifes 1600-1640. Quentin Buvelot. The Hague: 2017

What, Exactly, Was the Tudor and Stuart Banquet? (about this 1610 manuscript) by Stephen Schmidt on Manuscript Cookbooks Survey HERE
Trenchers: Speaking plates: text, performance, and banqueting trenchers in Early Modern Europe. Victoria Yeoman. Renaissance Studies Nov 2017 HERE

Blog posts:
Butter slices 17-19th cen HERE, 16 & 17th cen Dutch & Flemish oval shapes HERE, Butter, many posts HERE
Wafers HERE
Roasted chestnut sellers - Le marchand de marrons HERE

Researchers are really fortunate (particularly when physical access is limited, as now during the lockdowns) to have so many manuscripts and old books accessable through digital collections.

Jan 26 Wed 11-12:30 Cruising, Curious & Casual? What user studies can tell us about the use of Digital Cultural Heritage Collections.HERE TAPE HERE

Jan 26 Wed 12:15 Monarchy on the Move: Royal Visits, Patronage, and Commemoration. Paige Emerick. IHR HERE no tape

Feb 2 Wed 7:30 The Art of Food in the Dutch Golden Age. Kathryn Lederhause. CHEW Culinary History Enthusiasts of Wisconsin HERE TAPE HERE

Fe 3 Thu 11AM The Art of the Artichoke. Dr. Demet Guzey. Context Travel $36.50 HERE

Feb 22 Tue 9AM Johannes Vermeer’s Perfect Painting. The Milkmaid (1654–58). Dr. Peter Ross. Guildhall Library, London HERE


©2022 Patricia Bixler Reber
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