Tuesday, July 20, 2021

Ice cream cone molds in the 1910s

An ice cream cone factory in 1917 Oklahoma depicts making the cones, and other images show various US patents. The metal molds were heated, thick batter poured in, then the top mold was lowered into the bottom.
This is a test email since the blog email server was switched. Click images to enlarge.

US Patent of Antonio Valvona for cup or dish shapes 1902

“… make cups or dishes of any preferred shape or design from dough or paste in a fluid state that is preferably composed of the same materials as are employed in the manufacture of biscuits, and when baked the said cups or dishes may be filled with ice-cream, which can then be sold by the venders of ice-cream in public thoroughfares or other places. In order to produce said cups or dishes, I provide a combined metallic mold and oven consisting of two plate…
The biscuit dough or paste, which is of the consistency of a thick fluid, is poured from a can, that may be provided with one or more spouts…. The [heated] plates are then closed, and the cup or dish is formed by the dough being pressed into the space between the core and the mold. It is then baked by the apparatus being placed over a gas or other fire...”
#701,776 Apparatus for baking biscuit-cups for ice-cream. Antonio Valvona of Manchester, England. Filed July 12, 1901. Patented June 3, 1902 HERE

Cone shaped mold 1913

“This invention relates to the manufacture of hollow shells of pastry of suitable forms for the reception of ices or other materials or articles used in pastry, and consists in an apparatus whereby to rapidly mold and bake the material used in the manufacture of such articles… Figure 1 is a perspective view showing one form in which the apparatus may be used, one set of the sectional molds open in the position they would occupy after the shells had been baked and withdrawn therefrom… the batter or paste sufficiently liquid to adhere to the cone when dipped therein. … series of molds, each corresponding in general form to the form of the cone, but a cavity in each section of the mold is larger than the cone to the extent required to produce the shell of required thickness…”
#1,063,981 Apparatus for and method of making pastry shells. Edward H Lanier of Cincinnati, Ohio. Filed March 21, 1908. Patented June 10, 1913. HERE

Closeup of cone top into base 1916

“Fig. 2 is a front elevation of the machine with the front mold members restored but shown in raised position away from the lower mold members.”
#1,200,600 Machine for making pastry cones. Peter Cornie Flagstad, Oscar Flagstad. St. Paul MN Filed Mar. 15, 1909. Patented Oct. 10,1916. HERE
April 3, 1917 Sanitary Ice Cream Cone Co. in Oklahoma City. Altho the two slightly different photos were taken for child labor committee, they also show the cone molds on right.
"Interior of workshop of Sanitary Ice Cream Cone Co. See 4830. Boys packing cones are John Myers, 14 years old (see 4830) and a boy 12 years old who is working steady now. Boss said: 'He said he wasn't going to school so I took him.' Location: Oklahoma City, Oklahoma / Lewis W. Hine." from National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress.

Ice cream talk

Au 28 Sat 4-5:30 Summer Escapes: Here's the Scoop. Sarah Wassberg Johnson. Archaeology Now HERE


Ice cream in the Age of Enlightenment. Ivan Day. Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, CT. Se 21, 2020. TAPES of ice cream demo HERE and lecture HERE.

A History of Ice Cream. A Recipe from 1789. Parmasan Cheese by Frederick Nutt. Tasting History with Max Miller TAPE HERE

Past blog posts on Ice Cream (lots!) HERE

©2021 Patricia Bixler Reber
Researching Food History HOME


  1. Oddly enough today, July 21, is the 100th anniversary of the introduction of the I Scream Bar, which became the Eskimo Pie, which is, as of this year, the Edy's Pie.