Saturday, June 9, 2012

Rumford Roasters and Reip Ovens

Not all metal ovens are Rumford Roasters.  Count Rumford (Benjamin Thompson, 1753 - 1814) and his Roasters, picture left, are certainly the most well known, but other iron and tin ovens inserted into the side of the hearth were used in Europe and the United States such as the Reip Oven and Roaster of Maryland, patented in 1825. 


Brick bake ovens are heated by burning wood for several hours, removing all the burned wood coals, then just using the heat from the bricks to bake the food.  The heat decreases since the burning wood is gone.  The oven, pictured below, takes me about 2 1/2 hours to get up to baking temperature.

Rumford and Reip ovens both have a firebox directly under the oven where charcoal or mined coal were burned.  The ashes fell into the second, lower box.  Thus the heat could be maintained after the food was put on the shelves in the oven to bake.
Among the variety of metal ovens found in Maryland are Reip's Bake Ovens. Henry Reip of Baltimore obtained a patent for a Bake Oven and Roaster in 1825. He and his sons manufactured and sold the ovens for about forty years.  The oval oven, above, was made by Alfred Reip.

If you know of any type of iron oven [or stew stove, set kettle, boiler, oven...] please contact me at patreber@hearthcook.com

©2012 Patricia Bixler Reber

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