Sugar Maple trees were tapped in several ways over the centuries as seen the the following excerpts. the 17th cen gash, the spout and troughs, 1792, and 19th century spiles...
While at a great day-long workshop on Maple Sugaring at Genesee Country Village and Museum in New York, we learned the various ways trees were tapped through history, and made some tools such as a sumach spout, wooden spile, wooden trough, and wooden buckets.
Gash - 17th cen.
Spout and Troughs - 1792
auger; the latter is preferred from experience of its advantages: the auger is introduced about three-fourths of an inch, and in an ascending direction, that the sap may not be frozen in a slow current in the mornings or evenings, and is afterwards deepened gradually to the extent of two inches.
Spiles - 19th cen.
Spiles or spouts were carved out of wood, or made of cast iron or tin.
For other postings on my blog on Maple Sugar HERE and Sugar HERE.
©2011 Patricia Bixler Reber