The history of Halloween involves many traditions. Giving out cakes on All Hallows Eve (the night before All Saints Day, Nov 1) or on All Souls Day (Nov 2) was an old tradition by 1511. On 'All halowen daye,' brade was given to all crysten [Christian] soules. [Brand, 1813] The sketch shows a group a-souling for Soul or Soule cakes or other name variations: Soul mass cake, Somas-cake, Soul-mas-cake, Soul-masse-Cakes (1656) or Seed Cakes.
Monday, October 27, 2014
Saturday, October 25, 2014
If you are near northeast Maryland (Earleville) tomorrow (Sunday) you can still see the freshly dug camp kitchen and enjoy the Revolutionary War encampment and battle at Mt Harmon Plantation HERE.
Monday, October 20, 2014
Monday, October 13, 2014
6 days a week at dawn the men went to the market - even "those of the highest standing." Mrs. Francis Trollope (1780-1863) wrote Domestic Manners of the Americans, 1832 about her travels and travails in the United States with some of her children. They settled for several years in the growing city of Cincinnati, Ohio where she opened a large store - the Bazaar. And like NYC, HERE, pigs cleaned refuse from the streets.
Monday, October 6, 2014
16 overshot wheels - using water from an aqueduct - ground an estimated four and a half tons of flour per day! If that was not enough, the Romans cut through solid rock on top to connect the aqueduct they built to the mill troughs. AND they built the stone complex on a steep hill in Gaul (France). All this during the 1st century.